A、风险控制 风险识别 风险监测 风险计量
B、风险识别 风险计量 风险监测 风险控制
C、风险控制 风险识别 风险计量 风险监测
D、风险识别 风险控制 风险监测 风险计量
When next year’s crop of high-school graduates arrive at Oxford University in the fall of 2009, they’ll be joined by a new face; Andrew Hamilton, the 55-year-old provost（教务长）of Yale, who’ll become Oxford’s vice-chancellor—a position equivalent to university president in America.
Hamilton isn’t the only educator crossing the Atlantic. Schools in France, Egypt, Singapore, etc have also recently made top-level hires from abroad. Higher education has become a big and competitive business nowadays, and like so many businesses, it’s gone global. Yet the talent flow isn’t universal. High-level personnel tend to head in only one direction: outward from America.
The chief reason is that American schools don’t tend to seriously consider looking abroad. For example, when the board of the University of Colorado searched for a new president, it wanted a leader familiar with the state government, a major source of the university’s budget. “We didn’t do any global consideration,” says Patricia Hayes, the board’s chair. The board ultimately picked Bruce Benson, a 69-year-old Colorado businessman and political activist（活动家）who is likely to do well in the main task of modern university presidents: fund-raising. Fund-raising is a distinctively American thing, since U.S. schools rely heavily on donations. The fund-raising ability is largely a product of experience and necessity.
Many European universities, meanwhile, are still mostly dependent on government funding. But government support has failed to keep pace with rising student number. The decline in government support has made funding-raising an increasing necessary ability among administrators, and has hiring committees hungry for Americans.
In the past few years, prominent schools around the world have joined the trend. In 2003, when Cambridge University appointed Alison Richard, another former Yale provost, as its vice-chancellor, the university publicly stressed that in her previous job she had overseen（监督）“a major strengthening of Yale’s financial position.”
Of course, fund-raising isn’t the only skill outsiders offer. The globalization of education means more universities will be seeking heads with international experience of some kind of promote international programs and attract a global student body. Foreigners can offer a fresh perspective on established practices.
101. What is the current trend in higher education discussed in the passage?
A. Institutions worldwide are hiring administrators from the U.S.
B. A lot of political activists are being recruited as administrators.
C. American universities are enrolling more international students.
D. University presidents are paying more attention to funding-raising.
A、Institutions worldwide are hiring administrators from the U.S.
B、A lot of political activists are being recruited as administrators
C、American universities are enrolling more international students.
D、University presidents are paying more attention to funding-raising.
A、The political correctness.
B、Their ability to raise funds.
C、 Their fame in academic circles.
D、Their administrative experience.
A、The tuitions they charge have been rising considerably.
B、Their operation is under strict government supervision.
C、They are strengthening their position by globalization.
D、 Most of their revenues come from the government.
A、she was known to be good at raising money
B、she could help strengthen its ties with Yale
C、she knew how to attract students overseas
D、she had boosted Yale’s academic status
A、They can enhance the university’s image.
B、They will bring with them more international faculty.
C、They will view a lot of things from a new perspective.
D、They can set up new academic disciplines.
Five years to the week after the darkest days of the financial crisis, the Federal Reserve will take its first step toward unwinding the easy money policies that helped save the global economy, a USA TODAY survey of top economists predicts.
More than 60% of 44 economists say Fed policymakers will dial back their $85 billion in monthly government bond purchases when they meet Tuesday and Wednesday. Almost a third pick either October or December. The purchases were aimed at holding down long-term interest rates, thus increasing borrowing and investing in order to create jobs and lower unemployment.
The other major component of the Fed’s post-crisis policy has been holding its key interest rate close to zero since 2008, which has kept down short-term rates. More than 80% of the economists in USA TODAY’s survey predict the Fed will raise that rate in 2015.
Since the Fed began buying longer-term Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities a year ago, the unemployment rate has fallen to 7.3% from 7.8%. The program also has fueled a stock rally, but raised concerns such as eventual high inflation. “When they started, they were worried that (economic) growth was very weak and the unemployment rate was starting to rise,” says JP Morgan economist Robert Mellman. Now, he says, the jobless rate “is actually coming down fairly quickly.”
Fed Chairman Ben Bernanke first said in May that the Fed likely would rein in the purchases this year and end them by mid-2014, assuming unemployment falls to 7% by then. His remarks roiled stocks and pushed up bond yields. Mixed economic data recently prompted some analysts to say the Fed will put off tapering until the economy is on firmer footing.
On the bright side, jobless claims have fallen and measures of manufacturing and service-sector activity rose in August. But employers added a disappointing 169,000 jobs last month, capping a three-month slowdown in job gains. The jobless rate fell because of a sharp drop in the number of people working or looking for work.
Several economists say the middling data will prompt a more modest reduction in bond purchases than the Fed initially intended. Seven in 10 of the economists say the Fed initially will reduce the Treasury purchases only or mostly, continuing to heavily buy mortgage bonds to hold down mortgage rates. Since Bernanke first mentioned tapering, 30-year fixed mortgage rates have risen from 3.51% to 4.57% and mortgage applications have declined.
A、 continue to carry out the easy money policy
B、increase investment in buying long-term treasury bonds
C、create more jobs and provide loans with low interests
D、withdraw money from bond purchases and raise interest rate
A、 inhibit blind investment
B、cut down the jobless rate
C、activate the stock market
D、 gain more profits and dividends
A、the stock market got stirred
B、 a stock rally was fueled
C、inflation concerns were raised
D、 bond yields were decreased
A、ideally effective and forceful
B、deceptive and totally a fraud
C、disappointing and definitely unworkable
D、 not as perfect as it claimed to be
No one word demonstrated the shift in corporations’ attention in the mid-1990s from processes to people more vividly than the single word “talent”. Spurred on by a book called “The War for Talent”, written by three McKinsey consultants in the late 1990s, the word became common in management speak. “We need to cultivate the talent”; “Where are we going to find the talent essential to our future success?” Talent is a subset of what used to be called human resources, the people who work in organizations. It is, essentially, those individuals among that group who have the potential to add most value.
Behind the word lies the idea that more and more corporate value is going to be created by knowledge and by so-called “knowledge workers”. Manual labor is worth less; knowledge (and the right use of it) is worth more. And people with such knowledge are (so the theory goes) in short supply. One CEO was reported as saying that not only did he not have enough talent to carry out the company’s strategy, but he did not even have “the talent needed in HR to hire the missing managers”. Moreover, the situation is likely to stay that way (and may even get worse) for some time to come.
This has significantly shifted the balance of power in the recruitment process. Companies used to be relaxed about finding enough qualified people to run their operations. What they could not find they would train, was the usual attitude. That might take some time, but in a world where people sought jobs for life (and the pensions that went with them) time was in the company’s favor. But talent is not patient, and it is not faithful. Many companies found themselves training employees only for them to go on and sell their acquired skills to their rivals. So now they look for talent that is ready-made.
In their eagerness to please this talent, companies have gone to considerable lengths to appear especially attractive. They have, for instance, devoted a great deal of effort to the design of their websites, often the first port of call these days for bright young potential recruits. They have in many cases reconstructed their HR departments, in part so that they can tailor their remuneration packages more finely for the individuals that they really require. And they have altered their approach to issues such as governance and environmental responsibility because they know that many of the talented people they are seeking want to work for ethical and responsible employers — almost more than they want a hefty pay packet.
Talented people increasingly want to work in places where they can feel good about what they do for most of the day. What’s more, in today’s knowledge-based businesses, these young people are far more aware of their working environment, of “what’s going on around here”, than were their grandparents, who were hired for their brawn rather than their brain. It is harder for today’s businesses to disguise from their employees what they are up to — even when, as in cases such as Enron and WorldCom, they put a lot of effort into it.
A、 rely more on consultants from McKinsey or other consulting companies
B、emphasize the different subsets of human resources
C、highlight the quality of people in organization
D、focus on those who can add most value
B、 human resources
C、 people working in an organization
A、 creating a dynamic work atmosphere
B、establishing a positive company image through fulfilling social responsibility
C、carefully designing company website， brochure， booklet， flyer， etc.
D、finding the balance of efficiency and equity in wage policies
A、Corporations can no longer stay relaxed when it concerns to people recruitment.
B、Corporations face more supervision from employees against indecent corporate acts.
C、Corporations find it less worthwhile to hire people for their brawn than their brain.
D、Corporations encounter larger pressure in terms of environmental protection.
There is much discussion today about whether economic growth is desirable. At an earlier period, our desire for material wealth may have been justified. Now, however, this desire for more than we need is causing serious problems. Even though we have good intentions, we may be producing too much, too fast.
Those who criticize economic growth argue that we must slow down. They believe that society is approaching certain limits on growth. These include the fixed supply of natural resources, the possible negative effects of industry on the natural environment, and the continuing increase in the world’s population. As society reaches these limits, economic growth can no longer continue, and the quality of life may decline.
People who want more economic growth, on the other hand, argue that even at the present growth rate there are still many poor people in the world. These proponents of economic growth believe that only more growth can create the capital needed to improve the quality of life in the world. Furthermore, they argue that only continued growth can provide the financial resources required to protect our natural surroundings from industrialization.
This debate over the desirability of continued economic growth is of vital importance to business and industry. If those who argue against economic growth are correct, the problems they mention cannot be ignored. To find a solution, economists and the business community must pay attention to these problems and continue discussing them with one another.
A、Our natural surroundings are in danger of being destroyed by industry.
B、The fixed supply of natural resources marks a point beyond which economic growth cannot continue
C、.The world population is ever increasing.
D、More efforts are made to improve the quality of our life.
A、is essential to the well-being of society as a whole
B、can provide the solution to all of our social problems today
C、can never protect our environment from being polluted by industry
D、can provide us with more natural resources for industrialization
A、arguments in support of something
B、disagreements on something
C、people who argue for something
D、people who argue against something
A、the contradiction between economists and the business community
B、the present debate on economic growth
C、he advantages and disadvantages of economic growth
D、 the importance of the debate on economic growth